Abstract:We investigate herein the propagation and tunneling of monochromatic light through a tapered fiber tip, modeled as a tapered perfectly conducting waveguide. The opening aperture of the waveguide is much smaller than the wavelength of light. The transmission rate through the tip as well as the profiles of electric fields are obtained. A detailed formulation for calculating the fluorescent spectra of a single molecule under near-field excitation is also presented. In addition, the limitations of fluorescence measurement for obtaining near-field pattern is discussed on the basis of the present formulation.