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Title: Composition and Toxicology of Bile Salts in Various Animals
Authors: Yen-Hung Yeh;Deng-Fwu Hwang;Jou-Fang Deng
Contributors: NTOU:Department of Food Science
Keywords: Bile acids;Bile alcohols;Renal failure;Liver dysfunction;Toxicity
Date: 2007-12
Issue Date: 2011-10-21T02:23:56Z
Publisher: Journal of the Fisheries Society of Taiwan
Abstract: Abstract:In Asia there is a popular belief that ingestion of animal bile may improve health. However, cases of poisoning often occur. The profile of bile component is various depending on animal species and important in the diagnosis of hepatobiliary diseases. Bile acids are major components in terrestrial animals, but bile alcohols are major components in several freshwater fish. In this review, the metabolism of bile compounds in animals is described and the toxicological difference of bile acids and bile alcohols is compared. Both bile acids and alcohols cause liver and renal dysfunctions while bile alcohols are more toxic than bile acids. Ursodeoxycholic acid in doses of 13-15 mg/kg/day is a safe and cost-effective treatment for patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. The medicinal use of animal juices needs further study because of their toxicity.
Relation: 34(4), pp.325-342
Appears in Collections:[Department of Food Science] Periodical Articles

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