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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/27175

Title: Dietary vitamin E requirement of grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus, at two lipid levels, and their effects on immune responses
Authors: Yu-Hung Lin;Shi-Yen Shiau
Contributors: NTOU:Department of Food Science
國立臺灣海洋大學:食品科學系
Keywords: Grouper;Vitamin E;Requirement;Immune response
Date: 2005-07-29
Issue Date: 2011-10-21T02:23:50Z
Publisher: Aquaculture
Abstract: Abstract:A growth trial was conducted to investigate the vitamin E (dl-α-tocopheryl acetate) requirements of juvenile grouper at two dietary lipid levels, and their effects on immune responses. Semi-purified diets containing seven levels of dl-α-tocopheryl acetate (0, 25, 50, 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg diet) at either 4% or 9% lipid were each fed to triplicate groups of grouper (mean weight: 7.80 ± 0.13 g) for 8 weeks. In the 4% lipid group, fish fed diets with ≥ 100 mg E/kg had significantly (P < 0.05) highest weight gain, followed by fish fed diets with 25 mg E/kg, and lowest in fish fed the vitamin E-free control diet; in the 9% lipid group, fish fed diets with ≥ 100 mg E/kg had significantly highest weight gain, followed by fish fed diets with 25 and 50 mg E/kg, and lowest in fish fed the control diet. Hepatic and muscle α-tocopherol concentrations were increased as the dietary vitamin E supplementation level increased regardless of the dietary lipid level. In both 4% and 9% lipid groups, fish fed diets supplemented with vitamin E generally had lower hepatic and muscle thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) values and higher white blood cell count, leukocyte respiratory burst activity, plasma lysozyme and alternative complement activity than in fish fed the unsupplemented control diet. Weight gain and hepatic TBARS values analyzed by broken-line regression indicated that the optimum dietary vitamin E requirements of juvenile grouper were 61–68 and 104–115 mg/kg diet in 4% and 9% lipid diets, respectively.
Relation: 248(1-4), pp.235–244
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw/handle/987654321/27175
Appears in Collections:[食品科學系] 期刊論文

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