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Title: Reduction of particulate matter and gaseous emission from marine diesel engines using a catalyzed particulate filter
Authors: Cherng-Yuan Lin
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:輪機工程學系
Keywords: Marine diesel engine;Catalyzed particulate filter;Pollution source;Particulate matter;Gaseous emission
Date: 2002-02
Issue Date: 2011-10-20T08:34:43Z
Publisher: Ocean Engineering
Abstract: Abstract:Diesel engines are used widely as the power sources of coastal ships and international vessels primarily due to their high thermal efficiency, high fuel economy and durable performance. However, the gaseous and solid substances exhausted from diesel engines during the combustion process cause air pollution, in particular around harbor regions. In order to effectively reduce particulate matter and gaseous pollution emissions, a catalyzed particulate filter was equipped in the tail pipe of a marine diesel engine. The engine's performance and emission characteristics under various engine speeds and torques were measured using a computerized engine data control and acquisition system accompanied with an engine dynamometer. The effectiveness of installing a catalyzed particulate filter on the reduction of pollutant emissions was examined. The experimental results show that the exhaust gas temperature, carbon monoxide and smoke opacity were reduced significantly upon installation of the particulate filter. In particular, larger conversion of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide — and thus larger CO2 and lower CO emissions — were observed for the marine diesel engine equipped with a catalyzed particulate filter and operated at higher engine speeds. This is presumably due to enhancement of the catalytic oxidation reaction that results from an exhaust gas with stronger stirring motion passing through the filter. The absorption of partial heating energy from the exhaust gas by the physical structure of the particulate filter resulted in a reduction in the exhaust gas temperature. The particulate matter could be burnt to a greater extent due to the effect of the catalyst coated on the surface of the particulate filter. Moreover, the fuel consumption rate was increased slightly while the excess oxygen emission was somewhat decreased with the particulate filter.
Relation: 29(11), pp.1327-1341
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw/handle/987654321/26302
Appears in Collections:[輪機工程學系] 期刊論文

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