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Repositioning Empty Containers in the Peral River Delta-A case study of a Taiwanese liner carrier
Shih-Liang Chao;Chi-Ki Tu
|Contributors: ||NTOU:Department of Shipping and Transportation Management|
Container reposition;network model;Pearl River Delta;Liner shipping
|Issue Date: ||2011-10-20T08:33:51Z
Abstract:Liner shipping has been playing an important role in the global cargo transportation industry. The unitized cintainers could be easily trasferred among ships, truck, trains, and even airplanes, which make it become the predominant way for moving international cargo. However, due to the trade imbalance, containers are not equally distributed in the ports. Liner carriers have to deal with the repositioning problems of empty containers. Surplus empty containers must be moved to those ports that are short of them for future usage. Therefore, how to efficiently and economically reposition empty containers, the Pearl River Delta(PRD) region in South China is one of the most important areas for liner carriers. The densely covered water network makes it possible for investors to setup factories in the upstream areas for lower labor and land costs. The final products are then moved out by feeders to large ports like Hong Kong or Yantian to connect international liner services.Due to trucks and barges are involved, the problems of repositioning empty containers are more complicated. In this study, characteristic of the empty containers repositioning problem in the PRD were reviewed and a multiple commodity network model was formulated to deal with this problem. An empirical study based on a Taiwanese liner carrier was conducted to test the proposed model. The results could provide useful reference for the liner shipping industry and related future research.
|Appears in Collections:||[航運管理學系] 演講及研討會|
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