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Bin Lin;Mu-Yeh Huang;Tzu-Yun Wen
|Contributors: ||NTOU:Department of Merchant Marine|
Personality traits;Navigational safety;Ship collision
|Issue Date: ||2011-10-20T08:32:39Z
Abstract:Most marine casualties occur due to navigator's neglect. Therefore how to reduce human errors has become an important object for increasing navigational safety. But human behavior is very difficult to control. Personal behavior is always related close with his personality, and is expressed from his personality trait. This study focuses on analysis of effect and difference of ship collision avoidance from navigators' personality traits, and carried questionnaire survey out to examine navigators' personality trait. In the meanwhile, the navigators have to carry out a simulation experiment of collision avoidance in order to get data of their ship handling behaviors on avoidance of collision. The use of some statistical measures, including analysis of correlation, analysis of regression and path analysis in the study establishes the relationships between their personality traits and ship handling behaviors, and constructs the research model. The result reveals that the neuroticism for Taiwanese navigators is very low and conscientiousness very high so that they can be cool to deal with affairs. On collision avoidance, the time they take action to avoid collision is similar with other countries' navigators, and the course to alter is slightly small than others. The result also reveals that personality trait affects ship handling behaviors on avoidance of collision with different direction of altering course. For the navigators altering course to port, the higher conscientiousness he is, the earlier to take the action, and the wider to keep safe distance. The results can provide Taiwan shipping companies a reference to employ and train navigators. It is expectative that navigational faults due to navigator's personality can be reduced, and then the decrease of marine casualties will be followed.
|Relation: ||17(2), pp.1-22|
|Appears in Collections:||[商船學系] 期刊論文|
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