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题名: A Study on the Time Values in the Bottleneck Queuing Model
作者: Chen-Hsiu LAIH;Pei-Chun YANG;Chun-Lin TZENG;Chun-Ying PAI
贡献者: NTOU:Department of Merchant Marine
关键词: auto commuter;congestion;departure timeelastic demand;morning commute;queuing;road bottleneck;route choice;time values;utility function
日期: 2003-10
上传时间: 2011-10-20T08:32:25Z
出版者: Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies
摘要: Abstract:This study derives the related time values in the bottleneck queuing model using the utility function maximization principle. These results are indispensable when policy makers decide on pricing a queuing road bottleneck in the morning rush hour. The background of this stud is that there are many commuting cars queuing in front of the entry to a road bottleneck. Under this situation, all auto-commuters seek to maximize their utilities with some constraints including their available time and disposable income. Then the related time values for all auto-commuters derived from both the early and late arrival patterns at work can be obtained. This study shows that the time-late value is the difference between the punishment cost to the late arrival and the leisure time value. The time early value is equal to the leisure time value. The queuing time value is the sum of the leisure time value and vehicle operating costs. The empirical time late, time early and queuing time values for auto-commuters in Taiwan are estimated as NT$98.89 similar to 159, NT$74 and NT$98.8, respectively.
關聯: 4(1-2), pp.1485-1494
显示于类别:[商船學系] 演講及研討會


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