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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/25228

Title: Morphological and Molecular Analyses Reveal Separations among Spatiotemporal Populations of Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) in the Southern East China Sea
Authors: Chih-Shin Chen;Chih-Hsiang Tzeng;Tai-Sheng Chiu
Contributors: NTOU:Institute of Marine Affairs and Resource Managemen
Keywords: Anchovy;Morphometry;Mitochondrial DNA;Stock;Cohort migration
Date: 2010
Issue Date: 2011-10-20T08:21:43Z
Publisher: Zoological Studies
Abstract: abstract:Coastal and oceanic populations of Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) occur in the southern East China Sea. The distributions of the larval stages of these populations provide a bases for subdividing anchovy into 3 spatiotemporal stocks for the management of local Taiwanese fisheries: spring coastal (sprW) and oceanic (sprE) stocks respectively in the western and eastern seas of Taiwan, and an autumn stock (autE) in Ilan Bay, northeastern Taiwan. Using larval morphological analyses to evaluate population similarities, we found subtle differences between the sprE and sprW geographic stocks, but strong intra-geographic differences between sprE and autE seasonal stocks. Molecular analyses, based on fragments of 740 bp (positions 200-939) of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene, revealed a substantial amount of genetic variations among populations. Analysis of molecular variance indicated significant differences among stocks, primarily due to the sympatric contrast between sprE and autE (FST = 0.073, p < 0.001), rather than due to geographic subdivisions, such as sprE vs. sprW (FST = 0.039) or sprW vs. autE (FST = 0.007). These results indicate the presence of a unique oceanic stock in eastern Taiwan in spring that is separated from the other populations. This spatiotemporal heterogeneity suggests a dynamic state of larval recruitment along the coast of northern Taiwan. We propose a dispersal route for larval anchovy from the Taiwan Strait to the northern coast, or active migration by adult anchovies in accordance with oceanographic patterns in the southern East China Sea.
Relation: 49(2), 270-282
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw/handle/987654321/25228
Appears in Collections:[海洋事務與資源管理研究所] 期刊論文

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