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Title: Seismic imaging of the transitional crust across the northeastern margin of the South China Sea
Authors: Tan K. Wang;Ming-Kai Chen;Chao-Shing Lee;Kanyuan Xia
Contributors: NTOU:Institute of Applied Geosciences
Keywords: High velocity layer (HVL);Magma intrusion;Ocean-bottom seismometer (OBS);Ocean–continent transition (OCT);Passive rift;Seafloor spreading
Date: 2006-01-20
Issue Date: 2011-10-20T08:17:42Z
Publisher: Tectonophysics
Abstract: abstract:Crustal structure across the passive continental margin of the northeastern South China Sea (SCS) is presented based on a deep seismic survey cooperated between Taiwan and China in August 2001. Reflection data collected from a 48-hydrophone streamer and the vertical component of refraction/reflection data recorded at 11 ocean-bottom seismometers along a NW–SE profile are integrated to image the upper (1.6–2.4 km/s), lower (2.5–2.9 km/s), and compacted (3–4.5 km/s) sediment, the upper (4.5–5.5 km/s), middle (5.5–6.5 km/s) and lower (6.5–7.5 km/s) crystalline crust successively. The velocity model shows that the thickness (0.5–3 km) and the basement of the compacted sediment are strongly varied due to intrusion of the magma and igneous rocks after seafloor spreading of the SCS. Furthermore, several volcanoes and igneous rocks in the upper/middle crust (7–10 km thick) and a high velocity layer (0–5 km thick) in the lower crust of the model are identified as the ocean–continent transition (OCT) below the lower slope in the northeastern margin of the SCS. A thin continent NW of the OCT and a thick oceanic crust SE of the OCT in the continental margin of the northeastern SCS are also imaged, but these transitional crusts cannot be classified as the OCT due to their crustal thickness and the limited amount of the volcano, the magma and the high velocity layer. The extended continent, next to the gravity low and a sag zone extended from the SW Taiwan Basin, may have resulted from subduction of the Eurasian Plate beneath the Manila Trench whereas the thick oceanic crust may have been due to the excess volcanism and the late magmatic underplating in the oceanic crust after seafloor spreading of the SCS.
Relation: 412(3-4), pp.237–254
Appears in Collections:[Institute of Applied Geosciences] Periodical Articles

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