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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/24651

Title: Experimental investigations on developments of velocity field near above a sandy bed during regular wave-induced fluidized responses
Authors: Shiaw-Yih Tzang;Yung-Lung Chen;Shan-Hwei Ou
Contributors: NTOU:Department of Harbor and River Engineering
Keywords: Velocity field;Sandy bed;Fluidized response;Sediment suspension
Date: 2011-05
Issue Date: 2011-10-20T08:13:54Z
Publisher: Ocean Engineering
Abstract: abstract:Regular waves were applied in a laboratory flume to investigate the evolutions of the velocity fields near above a fine sandy bed (d50=0.073 mm) during fluidized responses. Measurements of 2D velocity components and suspended sediment concentration (SSC) at 1 cm above the bed in addition to water surface displacements and sub-soil pore pressures were carried out with an acoustic Doppler velocimeter and an optical probe. The results have shown similar three typical soil responses including one unfluidized and two fluidized responses to previous report in other fine-grained soil beds. In the post- and pre-fluidized stages of a resonantly fluidized response, amplitudes of horizontal velocity component can be decreased by a maxima value of 50% while vertical components can be amplified up to 5 times larger. The developments of near-bed velocity field become less significant in consecutive non-resonantly fluidized responses. Particularly, the evolutions of the velocity field are closely dependent on the deepening of fluidized surface soil layers df and the characteristics of soil fluidization responses. The amplified vertical velocity components are clearly contradictory to the dissipated overloading waves near above a fluidized bed but are critical to much drastic sediment suspensions by interactions between overloading waves and fluidized bed soils.
Relation: 38(7), pp.868–877
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw/handle/987654321/24651
Appears in Collections:[河海工程學系] 期刊論文

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