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|Title: ||Aerodynamic Characteristics and Thermal Structure of Nonpremixed Reacting Swirling Wakes at Low Reynolds Numbers|
|Authors: ||Rong F. Huang;Shun C. Yen|
|Contributors: ||NTOU:Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering|
|Keywords: ||Reacting swirling wake;Combustion control;Combustion aerodynamics|
|Issue Date: ||2011-10-20T08:08:13Z
|Publisher: ||Combustion and Flame|
|Abstract: ||Abstract:The aerodynamic characteristics and thermal structure of uncontrolled and controlled swirling double-concentric jet flames at low Reynolds numbers are experimentally studied. The swirl and Reynolds numbers are lower than 0.6 and 2000, respectively. The flow characteristics are diagnosed by the laser-light-sheet-assisted Mie scattering flow visualization method and particle image velocimetry (PIV). The thermal structure is measured by a fine-wire thermocouple. The flame shapes, combined images of flame and flow, velocity vector maps, streamline patterns, velocity and turbulence distributions, flame lengths, and temperature distributions are discussed. The flow patterns of the no-control case exhibit an open-top, single-ring vortex sitting on the blockage disc with a jetlike swirling flow evolving from the central disc face toward the downstream area. The rotation direction and size of the near-disc vortex, as well as the flow properties, change in different ranges of annulus swirl number and therefore induce three characteristic flame modes: weak swirling flame, lifted flame, and turbulent reattached flame. Because the near-disc vortex is open-top, the radial dispersion of the fuel-jet fluids is not significantly enhanced by the annulus swirling flow. The flows of the reacting swirling double-concentric jets at such low swirl and Reynolds numbers therefore present characteristics of diffusion jet flames. In the controlled case, the axial momentum of the central fuel jet is deflected radially by a control disc placed above the blockage disc. This arrangement can induce a large near-disc recirculation bubble and high turbulence intensities. The enhanced mixing hence tremendously shortens the flame length and enlarges the flame width.|
|Relation: ||155(4), pp.539–556|
|Appears in Collections:||[機械與機電工程學系] 期刊論文|
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