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題名: Biohydrogen development in United States and in China: An input–output model study
作者: Duu-Hwa Lee;Duu-Jong Lee;Ling-Hui Chiu
貢獻者: NTOU:Institute of Applied Economics
關鍵詞: Biohydrogen;Input–output model;RAS;The US;China
日期: 2011-10
上傳時間: 2011-10-20T07:40:45Z
出版者: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
摘要: abstract:Marcoeconomic models can be applied to forecast economic changes under particular scenarios. The input–output (IO) model, a macroeconomic model, can characterize interactions among all sectors in an economy using readily available IO databases. However, the main drawback of the conventional IO model is its inability to forecast economic changes recursively. This study extended the conventional IO model by incorporating a weighted share of new productivities and demands into the technical coefficients matrix and applied this novel IO model to forecast how investment will enhance production technology progress and how economic structure reformation will affect biohydrogen industry development in the US and China. Simulation results reveal that, although economic structures in the US and China differ markedly, progress for the biohydrogen industry is generally independent of economic structures or whether produced biohydrogen is used to power fuel cell cars. Conversely, the rate of development of the biohydrogen industry depends heavily on investment. By 2040, total production values from biohydrogen investments will be US$83.1 and US$67.0 billion in the US and China, respectively, generating investment multipliers of 9.30 and 8.96, respectively.
關聯: 36(21), pp.14238–14244
顯示於類別:[應用經濟研究所] 期刊論文


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