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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw:8080/ir/handle/987654321/22881

Title: 電腦化“國語聲調聽辨測驗”之編製
Authors: 張小芬
Contributors: 國立臺灣海洋大學:師資培育中心
Keywords: 國語;聲調;聽辨測驗;電腦
computerized;discrimination test;Mandarin;tones
Date: 2007-06-01
Issue Date: 2011-10-20T07:39:22Z
Publisher: 測驗學刊
Abstract: 摘要:本研究主要目的為發展電腦化「國語聲調聽辨測驗」,測驗共38題,分成單字詞聽辨與二字詞聽辨,個別施測時,因作答方式簡單,學生可自行上機進行測驗,測試完畢立即可查看各個聲調聽辨的正確率,欲進行團體施測時,亦有測驗紙本提供作答,施測時間約為10~15分鐘。本測驗對於篩選國語聲調覺識有困難者是很好的工具。研究樣本:耳聰學生為國小一、二年級學生,共計752人;聽障樣本:就讀一般學校之聽障資源班學生,合計18人。信度:研究顯示本測驗具有高度內部一致性,折半信度.80~.82,庫李信度介於.80~.92,再測信度.92(n=40),測驗時間間隔二週。效標關聯效度:本測驗與國語注音符號大會考之成績的相關r=.70(p<.01);構念效度考驗,耳聰與聽障兒童之聽辨分數,差異達顯著水準t=4.33(p<.001),不同聽力損失之二組聽障兒童,其聲調聽辨分數無差異存在(t=-.736, p>.05),聲調聽辨無年級差異、性別差異、聽辨錯誤率最高的聲調為2聲;最困難的「聲調對比」聽辨為2聲與3聲,符合聲調理論,以上結果顯示本測驗具有良好的效度。
The main purpose of this study was to develop the Computerized Mandarin Tones Discrimination Test (CMTDT). The CMTDT contains 38 items and measurement is divided into two subscales: 20 one syllable items and 18 two syllable- words’ tone discrimination. Test time is 10-45 minutes. The CMTDT is useful in the initial screening of Mandarin tone awareness difficulties. The CMTDT is convenience for both individual and group testing. For the one syllable section, the respondent is asked to choose one tone of a phonetic symbol from a group of 4 items, in the two syllable section, the choice is made from a group of 2 items. The score was computed by the correct percentage from the total scale, and each tone's correct percentage. After the test is completed, the result is automatically analyzed by computer. The study sample was 752, included normal hearing children from first to second grade of elementary school. The discrimination validity sample was 18 children with mild to profound prelingual hearing impairments (HI) from elementary school resource classrooms. Reliability: The scale obtained high internal consistency correlations, split-half is .80~82, Kuder-Richardson Formula 20 is .80~.92. A subsamnple of (n=40) completed the CMTDT after 2 weeks, and the correlation between intake and 2-week CMTDT scores was .92. Validity: The correlation of the CMTDT with a Mandarin Phonetic Symbols Test was significant, and the correlation is .70 (p<.0l). The constructed validities by heterogeneous groups, hearing status, gender, grades, and tones were provided. From normal hearing and hearing impairment children, the result showed significant difference t=4.33 (p<.001), by hearing status showed no significant difference t-.736 (p>.05) for tones discrimination. The results confirm the presence of these validities. The result also showed the second tone was the most difficult tone. In contrast tone distinction, the most difficult pair was the second and the third tones.
Relation: 54(1), pp.97-120
URI: http://ntour.ntou.edu.tw/handle/987654321/22881
Appears in Collections:[師資培育中心] 期刊論文

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