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A Study on Detection and Control of Air Pollution from Ships by Port State Control(I)
|Contributors: ||NTOU:Department of Merchant Marine|
Air pollution;Ship exhaust;Detection;Control
|Issue Date: ||2011-06-28T07:28:15Z
Abstract:International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted a Protocol of International Convention for the prevention of pollution from ships in 1997, termed as MARPOL 73/78/97, to control ship's air pollution and the quality of fuel oil. The Protocol regulates emissions such as nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, volatile organic compounds, etc. from ships. The most major ocean-shipping countries have united to perform ship supervision and inspection by means of Port State Control. Under the agreement, authorized officers can come onboard to all foreign ships in ports to check ship procedure and operation of engine emissions which should comply with the Convention. Taiwan is not a member of IMO, and cannot sign any agreement of Port State Control with neighbor countries due to opposition from OPRC. The best way for Taiwan is to dominate and control the technology and equipment of exhaust gas system of foreign ships by the same measures and regulations with Tokyo Memorandum to reduce air pollution. This study is aimed to analyze international conventions, control technologies, procedures and measures of Port State Control relating to the air pollution from ships. This study is also designed to investigate the existing air pollution within Taiwan waters, and the ability of inspection for executing Port State Control. Consequently, this study is requested to establish control procedures and measures of preventing ship's air pollution through a seminar for collecting opinions and suggestions from experts of the relevant fields. The achievement of this study can insure to reduce air pollution from sub-standard ships and actually improve air quality.
|Appears in Collections:||[商船學系] 研究計畫|
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